When does morning sickness start
Morning sickness is one of the dreaded aspects of pregnancy. If you’re lucky, you’ll escape it, but most women don’t. Morning sickness refers to the nausea that occurs during pregnancy. The name is a misnomer, however, because the condition isn’t limited to mornings. It can strike at any time of the day or night.
How long does morning sickness
Morning sickness affects an estimated 50 to 90 percent of pregnant women. It’s most common during the first trimester and is characterized by nausea with or without vomiting. Signs and symptoms typically start at five to eight weeks, sometimes beginning as early as two weeks after conception. They often subside by weeks 13 to 14; however, some women experience morning sickness well beyond the first trimester.
Treatment isn’t usually needed for morning sickness — although home remedies, such as snacking throughout the day and sipping ginger ale, can help relieve nausea. Rarely, morning sickness is so severe that it’s classified as hyperemesis gravidarum, which can require hospitalization and treatment with intravenous (IV) fluids and medications.
What causes morning sickness isn’t entirely clear, but the hormonal changes of pregnancy are thought to play a significant role. The condition can affect any pregnant woman, but you might be more likely to experience morning sickness if:
- You experienced nausea or vomiting from motion sickness, migraines, certain smells or tastes, or exposure to estrogen (in birth control pills, for example) before pregnancy
- You experienced morning sickness during a previous pregnancy
- You’re pregnant with twins or other multiples
Studies suggest that women who experience morning sickness are less likely to have early pregnancy loss. However, this doesn’t mean that if you don’t experience morning sickness you’re at risk of miscarriage. Some women simply seem to be more immune to the nauseating effects that accompany a rise in pregnancy hormones.
Nausea and vomiting may be caused by the hormone changes produced by the placenta and the uterus. Increases in the hormone progesterone tend to slow down the gastrointestinal system, allowing food to remain in your stomach for a longer time. This extra digestion time is good for your baby because it helps your body extract additional
nutrients from the food you eat. Unfortunately, it may also upset your stomach and add to your feelings of nausea.
How to stop morning sickness:
- Choose foods carefully. Opt for foods that are high in carbohydrates, low in fat and easy to digest. Salty foods are sometimes helpful, as are foods that contain ginger — such as ginger lollipops. Avoid greasy, spicy and fatty foods.
- Choose low-fat protein foods (lean meat, canned tuna, chicken breast, eggs, legumes) and easily digestible carbohydrates (fruit, rice, pasta, potatoes, toast, dry cereals).
- Avoid fried foods or other foods that cause stomach upset, such as gassy vegetables and spicy foods.
- If the smell of hot meals makes you queasy, try eating cold food.Try for a sandwich instead of a hot entree.
- To abate nausea, try to take small sips of fruit juice or a decaffeinated soft drink every 30 minutes. Some women report that a sports drink like Gatorade or PowerAde provides relief.
- Have a snack before bed.
- Eat small, frequent meals every two to three hours, rather than two or three large meals.
- Snack often. Before getting out of bed in the morning, eat a few soda crackers or a piece of dry toast. Nibble throughout the day, rather than eating three larger meals. An empty stomach may aggravate nausea.
- Avoid hunger; eat a few crackers before getting out of bed in the morning and don’t skip meals.
- Drink plenty of fluids. Sip water or ginger ale. It may also help to suck on hard candy, ice chips or ice pops.
- Drink fluids between meals rather than with meals.
- Pay attention to triggers. Avoid foods or smells that seem to make your nausea worse. Keep rooms well ventilated and free of cooking odors, which can aggravate nausea.
- Evaluate your surroundings to find out what could be triggering your nausea. It could be the smell of coffee brewing, the sight of raw food, your perfume, patterned carpets, camera angles on television programs, and so on. It might not always be obvious.
- Get plenty of fresh air. Weather permitting, open the windows in your home or workplace. Take a daily walk outdoors.
- Take care with prenatal vitamins. If you feel queasy after taking prenatal vitamins, take the vitamins at night or with a snack. It may also help to chew gum or suck on hard candy after taking your prenatal vitamin. If these steps don’t help, ask your care provider if it might be possible to switch to a type of prenatal vitamin that doesn’t contain iron.
- Experiment with acupressure and acupuncture. Although they haven’t been proven to be effective, some women find these therapies to be helpful in relieving morning sickness. Acupressure involves stimulating certain points on the body with pressure. Acupressure wristbands, available in pharmacies without a prescription, are designed to stimulate a certain point on the wrist. This action is thought to reduce nausea. Acupuncture involves inserting hair-thin needles into your skin. Some women find it helpful, but it requires an appointment with a licensed acupuncturist.
- Cook with ginger for relief from nausea and vomiting. Ginger has been scientifically shown to help reduce morning sickness. Research demonstrates that ginger root improves appetite, reduces the stomach’s secretion of acid and increases the release of bile, a digestive aid. The active ingredients in the ginger root are known as gingerols and shogaols.
Buy fresh ginger root and add it to stir-fries and marinades. If you have a juicer, add a thick slice of ginger root to your concoction. You can also prepare ginger tea: steep 0.5 to 1 gram of the dried root in 150 milliliters of boiling
water for up to ten minutes and strain; drink one cup three times a day. You can take 250 milligrams of fresh ginger up to four times daily. Ginger extract supplements are available from health food stores or pharmacies. If you take
ginger supplements, use them for only a short period of time and do not exceed 1 gram (1000 milligrams) per day. The effects of long-term high doses of ginger on the growing fetus are not known. Adding fresh ginger root to your
meals is safe throughout your pregnancy.
Optional Video : Dr. Heathcott covers: When does morning sickness start?