5 months pregnant (Week 20)
By now you can feel your baby’s movements as light, butterfly-like ripples. You’ll probably have an ultrasound scan at weeks 20 to 22, to check your baby’s growth. It will also show if there is more than one baby. You should receive your maternity certificate (Form MAT B1) from your doctor or midwife. This entitles you to apply for statutory maternity pay or a weekly maternity allowance.
Separation anxiety 5 months pregnant
It is normal for you and your partner to have mixed feelings about becoming parents. As you get nearer the birth your anxieties may increase as you question whether you are ready for parenthood and if it will change your lifestyle and your relationships. The best course of action is to talk these worries over. Another perspective is always valuable and may help you develop strategies.
Exercises while 5 months pregnant
Exercise helps builds strong muscles in preparation for labour so you should plan an exercise programme at this time. At your antenatal classes, which continue throughout pregnancy, you will be taught some exercises. You will learn How to clench your pelvic floor muscles (see Things to know about pregnancy ;The pelvic floor muscles ) and increase your strength and flexibility in preparation for labour. You can also exercise by yourself. Swimming is excellent for general fitness and you are supported in the water as you do some of your antenatal exercises (see Prenatal exercise). Always check with your doctor before starting any new exercise.
- Squatting : This is good preparation for giving birth in an upright position. Try to lower your heels but don’t worry if you need to raise them.
Size of a 5-month fetus
The baby’s teeth are forming in the jawbone, and, as his muscles develop, he is beginning to move about more vigorously in the womb. He will move in response to any pressure on the mother’s abdomen.
- The baby’s hands can form fists
- Hair may appear on his head
Average size baby 5 months pregnant
Length: 25cm (10 in)
5 months pregnant symptoms
You start to notice which are felt as Light flutters. Your breasts may produce colostrum, the first milk, and your gums may bleed. You may also experience nasal congestion. Some women have heavy discharge; if so, use a sanitary pad, not a tampon.
- Skin may darken in patches
- Breasts have increased in size
- Stretch marks may appear on your abdomen
What’s happening and where
As with previous months, your hormone levels continue to increase this month, influencing baby’s growth and affecting all of your organ systems.
Heart and circulatory system
Your circulatory system continues to expand rapidly. As a result, your blood pressure will probably stay lower than normal this month and next.
Your body also continues to make more blood. The extra blood you’re producing is mostly plasma, the fluid portion of blood. Later, your body will increase production of red blood cells — provided you’re getting enough iron. Iron deficiency anemia, a condition marked by a decline in red blood cells, can result if you don’t get the iron you need each day to fuel increased production of red blood cells. The condition most often develops after 20 weeks of pregnancy and can make you tired and more susceptible to illness. But unless it’s severe, it’s unlikely to hurt your baby.
You may continue to experience some annoying side effects such as nasal congestion, nosebleeds and bleeding gums when you brush your teeth. These changes are the result of increased blood flow to your nasal passages and gums.
Stimulated by the hormone progesterone, your lung capacity continues to increase this month. With each breath, your lungs inhale and exhale up to 40 percent more air than they did before. You also may breathe slightly faster. Many women become aware of some shortness of breath.
Under the influence of pregnancy hormones, your digestive system remains sluggish. Because of this and your expanding uterus, heartburn and constipation may continue. You’re not alone, if that helps. Half of all women experience heartburn or constipation during pregnancy.(see HOW TO RELIEVE CONSTIPATION IN PREGNANCY)
Changes in your breasts may be especially noticeable this month. With more blood flowing to them and the milk-producing glands inside growing in size, they now may be almost two cup sizes larger than before you were pregnant. Veins in your breasts may be more visible now, too.
It goes without saying that your uterus is expanding. By your 20th week, it will reach your navel. When it reaches its full size, it will extend from your pubic area to the bottom of your rib cage. By now your expanding uterus is almost certainly affecting your center of gravity and, therefore, how you stand, move and walk. You may feel especially clumsy, and you may also experience continued aches and pains, especially in your back and lower abdomen.
Around the 20th week of pregnancy, you may feel a pulling or stabbing pain in your groin or a sharp cramp down your side, especially after making a sudden move or reaching for something. This pain results from stretching your round ligament, one of several ligaments that hold your uterus. The pain usually lasts several minutes before going away, but it’s not harmful. It’s a good idea, however, to discuss any continuous pain with your care provider.
Because your urine flow remains slow, you remain at continued risk of developing a urinary tract infection. You are urinating more often than normal because of your pregnancy. But if increased urination is accompanied by a burning sensation, pain, fever or a backache, you may have a urinary tract infection. Contact your care provider.
Bones, muscles and joints
The ligaments supporting your abdomen are becoming more elastic, and the joints between your pelvic bones continue to soften and loosen. In addition, your lower spine is probably now curving backward to help keep you from falling forward. Together, these changes may cause you to experience some back pain.
Back pain can begin at any time during pregnancy, but it most commonly starts between the fifth and seventh months. You may find the pain to be a mere annoyance. However, if you had back problems before you became pregnant, the pain may be more severe and interfere with your daily activities.
Vaginal discharge continues. The thin, white discharge is caused by the effects of hormones on the glands in your cervix and the skin of your vagina. It’s normal in pregnancy and isn’t cause for concern. Contact your care provider, though, if you have vaginal discharge that’s greenish or yellowish, strong-smelling, or accompanied by redness, itching and irritation of the vulva. These are signs and symptoms of a vaginal infection.
You may continue to experience mild skin darkening on your face and around your nipples. Most of these changes are nothing to worry about. Changes in moles or new moles are the exception. If you have a new mole or a mole that has changed considerably in size or appearance, contact your care provider.
You’ll probably gain about a pound a week this month, for a total of about 4 pounds. By the time you reach your 20th week, you may have gained about 10 pounds. (see Healthy pregnancy diet plan)
Optional Video : 5 Months Pregnant