Treating vaginal mycosis when you are pregnant
During their lifetime, the vast majority of women suffer from vaginal mycosis at least once. Induced by a proliferation of fungi within the vaginal flora, this often benign gynecological disorder is all the more frequent during the pregnancy which constitutes a state favorable to their appearance. However, how do you deal with it when you are pregnant? What treatment to privilege?
Do you have more fungal infections during pregnancy?
Named “Candida Albicans,” the cause of vaginal mycosis is a microscopic fungus naturally present in the Döderlin flora, that is to say in the vagina. During pregnancy, the female organism undergoes significant hormonal fluctuations that may cause a disturbance within the vaginal flora. Under increasing levels of estrogen and progesterone, the vaginal wall changes dramatically, making the immune system in place less efficient. The large amounts of glycogen in the pregnant woman’s vagina also constitute an ideal breeding ground for the excess number of fungi and other pathogenic germs.
Bacterial multiplication is manifested by white vaginal discharge more abundant than usual but also more viscous. The pregnant woman complains of itching, located around or at the entrance of the vagina, which can very quickly become bothersome and very uncomfortable. Burning sensations may also occur during urination or pain during sexual intercourse (dyspareunia).
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What are the risks to the baby?
If most vaginal mycosis is entirely benign, it is nevertheless essential to consult a gynecologist, the only health care professional authorized to make a formal diagnosis and to implement a suitable therapy. However, it is important to reassure pregnant women: mycoses do not affect the fetal development per se because the future baby is well protected within the water pocket. The only risk of maternofetal contamination occurs at the time of delivery when the mother has not yet fully recovered. In this case, the newborn is likely to contract the fungus at the time of its passage and to develop a buccal mycosis more commonly called ” thrush .”
When one is pregnant, one must not succumb to the call of self-medication. Indeed, many medicinal substances are formally prohibited during this period because they are potentially toxic to the fetus. It is therefore essential to respect a medical prescription to the letter. The gynecologist recommends a topical treatment based on cream whose composition is adapted to the pregnancy. Oral treatments are often prohibited because of their dangerousness for the baby.
Some practical tips
In addition to existing medical treatments, individual hygiene-dietetic measures can help cure vaginal mycosis, or at least reduce its symptoms:
- Wear cotton underwear,
- Consume dairy products because they promote the balance of the vaginal flora,
- To adopt an irreproachable intimate hygiene by privileging soap with a neutral pH,
- Avoid too sweet products that facilitate fungal multiplication,
- Dry thoroughly after each shower,
- Avoid taking hot baths.
How to avoid recurrences?
It is not uncommon for mycoses to reappear several times during life or pregnancy. The rate of recurrence of this condition is very high, which makes it one of the main reasons for gynecological consultation. To avoid having to treat a mycosis repeatedly, it is essential to have a perfect intimate hygiene. For this, one to two toilets per day is essential. However, they must be made with suitable and non-irritating products.
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