Treating the flu when you are pregnant
Pregnant women know that taking care during pregnancy is often a puzzle. So when it comes to the flu, the situation becomes even more complicated. It is true that this seasonal affection is benign in normal times, but it must be carefully studied during gestation to avoid complications for the future mother and her baby. What are the possible solutions? How can we avoid getting the flu?
The flu, what is it?
Every winter, his return is dreaded by all. Indeed, the flu is an annual epidemic that rages on our territory and touches all the layers of the population. However, behind this generic term is a virus of the family of influenza, which is declined in three distinct types. The most dangerous are the type A virus, causing deadly pandemics. There is also the B-type virus, which is most common in our country. Finally, type C is almost unnoticed because it is more like a cold. However, whatever its type, the influenza virus affects, more or less intensely, the respiratory tract.
Why are pregnant women more affected?
Pregnancy is a risk factor for influenza. Although pregnant women are no more likely to get the virus, they are more prone to potential complications from an infection. Indeed, pregnant women naturally undergo a change in their immune system, their oxygen consumption, and their heart rate. These many fluctuations make them more vulnerable to bacterial attack.
What are the symptoms?
At the end of an incubation period of between 2 and five days, the flu virus develops suddenly with the appearance of a high fever of up to 40 ° C. This febrile condition is accompanied by the following characteristic symptoms:
- Aches and pains;
- Stuffy nose;
- A dry cough ;
- back pain;
- Headache ;
- Ten days are needed to recover from a typical seasonal flu.
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What are the risks?
If under normal conditions, the flu virus is not severe, this contamination can constitute a danger during pregnancy for both the mother and the fetus. It is not so much the virus itself that poses a problem since it is often a non-virulent strain, but rather the symptoms it causes. An uncontrolled high fever can lead to a miscarriage or, if the pregnancy is more advanced, to premature contractions. On the side of the mother, it is rather complications of respiratory order that are to be feared. It is sometimes necessary to hospitalize the future mother to monitor her condition.
What treatment during pregnancy?
At the onset of the first clinical signs of influenza, consult your emergency doctor. It is essential that the management of the pregnant woman be as early as possible to give her antiviral treatment and to minimize the risk of complications. Homeopathy can also be used. The Oscillococcinum is for example used to prevent and treat flu symptoms.
When you are pregnant, the best way to protect yourself from the flu virus is to get vaccinated. To encourage future mothers to take this precaution, the Health Insurance fully supports the flu vaccine in the pregnant woman. This is prescribed by your doctor, but your gynecologist or midwife can also do it. Rest assured, this vaccine strain is allowed in pregnant women because it consists of purified fragments that can not generate either flu or side effects. In this, it differs from a vaccine produced from a live virus and therefore active. It should also be noted that the body is immune to the flu for about 15 days after the injection.
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