Ovulation: when is my fertility period?
Knowing when exactly your fertility period is necessary is important when you want to have a child. To know it, the main thing is to determine when ovulation takes place. Find out how to do this in this article.
Ovulation takes place once a month, 14 days before the start of menstruation. The ovary, a genital gland in the abdomen, expels a matured ovule. It then lodges in the trunk of the uterus, waiting to be fertilized by a spermatozoon. The life of this egg is very short: 12 to 24 hours at the most.
Also taking into account the life expectancy of spermatozoa in the cervix (3-5 days on average), it can be said that the fertility period extends from 4 days before ovulation and up to 24 hours later.
How do I calculate my ovulation date?
Ovulation always takes place 14 days before the next menstrual period. If you have very regular menstrual cycles, you can easily calculate it.
For example, if your periods are scheduled for the 27th of the month, calculate 27-14 = 13: your ovulation will take place on the 13th of the same month.
This technique is unusable if your cycles are irregular because you can not predict the day your menstrual period begins. There are other ways to determine your ovulation date.
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Knowing the time of ovulation through urinary
Tests Urinary ovulation tests are sold in pharmacies. These tests respond to the presence of lutein hormone whose concentration increases sharply within 24 to 36 hours before ovulation. You can do this test a few days before the middle of your cycle by dipping the test strip into the urine. A positive test indicates that you are close to your ovulation period: the right time to try to make a baby.
Ovulation and Temperature Curve
Measure your temperature curve is advisable when you have difficulty getting pregnant. This helps you to know if you have an ovulation every month and learn more about the duration of your cycles.
The principle: you have to take your temperature every morning at the same time for at least two or even three menstrual cycles, with the same thermometer and always in the same way (e.g., oral or rectal). By noting each day the temperature obtained, you will usually notice two periods per cycle: one during which your temperature is rather low (average 36.5 ° C), the other a little higher (around 37 ° C).
This rise in temperature is due to the production of progesterone (hormone) after Ovulation: Ovulation takes place the day before the day when you see the increase in temperature.
Also note anything that could disrupt your temperature curve (e.g., flu-like condition, drinking alcohol). The data can then be analyzed by a doctor as part of a fertility problem.
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